GROWTH OF DANCE IN INDIA
Dance is believed to be a creation of Lord Bhrama in Hindu mythology.The sage bhartamuni was inspired by Bhrama to write Natya shastra. Natya shastra is a treatise on performing arts from which the practice of dance and drama was emerged.
In Hindu mythology the dance is best represented by Lord Shiva’s dance Tandava, Maa Kali’s Tandava of creation and destruction And Lord Krishna’s dance of Rasleela with Gopikas.
India is a country which offers a number of dance forms for each and every occasions and rituals celebrated here. Indian classical and folk dance include Bhangra , Bihu, Garba, Ghoomar dance, Sambalpuriand many more special dances which are performed in the different parts of the country representing he hindu mythology.
Every dance form has its own dresses, steps ,rules and makeup also.The performers of a particular dance form has to follow all the rules while performing that dance form .It creates the sense of dignity towards a paricular dance form and we can here conclude that every thing in dance has its own importance .Anyone should not omit it according to their need.
Natraja is the depiction of God Shiva.It shows lord Shiva dancing in a Natyashastra pose holding fire(Agni) in the back of his left hand and gajahasta in front and in front right hand wrapped snake(abhaya mudra)and in back holding damru(musical instrument)
Natraja has gained an importance and became a symbol of royalty in Tamil Nadu.
In the ancient hindu culture it is believed that It is Shiva(Natraja )who created dance.
It is a well known sculpture of India which represents the culture of India.
The earliest known Natraja artworks are found in archaeological site at Asanapat village in Odisha which is dated around 6th century CE,